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Emmons Lab

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Davis, D., Hook, J., Worthington, E., & Emmons, R. A. (2011). Relational humility: Conceptualizing and measuring humility as a personality judgment. Journal of Personality Assessment.

Froh, J. J.,Fan, J., Emmons, R. A., Bono, G., Huebner, E. S., & Watkins, P. (2011). Measuring gratitude in youth: Assessing the psychometric properties of adult gratitude scales in children and adolescents. Psychological Assessment.

Schnitker, S. A., & Emmons, R. A. (2011). Positive psychology. In P. Brugger, A. Runehov, P. H. Duran, & R.F. Paloutzian (Eds.), Encyclopedia of sciences and religions. New YorK: Springer.

Emmons, R. A., & Mishra, A. (2012). Why gratitude enhances well-being: What we know, what we need to know. In Sheldon, K., Kashdan, T., & Steger, M.F. (Eds.) Designing the future of positive psychology: Taking stock and moving forward. New York: Oxford University Press.          



Froh, J. J., Emmons, R. A. Card, N. A., Bono, G. & Wilson, J. A. (2010). Gratitude and the reduced costs of materialism in adolescents. Journal of Happiness Studies. 

Froh, J. J., Bono, G., & Emmons, R. A. (2010). Being grateful is beyond good manners: Gratitude and motivation to contribute to society among early adolescents. Motivation and Emotion, 34, 144-157.



Emmons, R. A. (2009). The John Templeton Foundation. In S.J. Lopez & A. Beauchamp (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology (pp. 988-990). New York: Oxford University Press.

Emmons, R. A. (2009). Greatest of the virtues? Gratitude and the grateful personality. In D. Narvaez and D. Lapsley (Eds.), Personality, identity, and character: Explorations in moral psychology (pp. 256-270). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Emmons, R. A. (2009). Gratitude. In S.J. Lopez & A. Beauchamp (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology. (pp. 442-447).  New York: Oxford University Press.

Emmons, R. A. (2009). Gratitude. In H. Reis (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human relationships. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Emmons, R. A. (2009). Gratitude.  In D. Sander & K. R. Scherer, Eds., Oxford Companion to the Affective Sciences  (p. 198). New York: Oxford University Press.

Emmons, R. A. (2009). Religion, psychology of. In D. Matsumoto (Ed.). Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology (p. 438). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Farhadian, C., & Emmons, R. A. (2009). The psychology of forgiveness and religions. In A. Kalayjiain & R.F. Paloutzian (Eds.). Forgiveness and reconciliation: Psychological pathways to conflict transformation and peace building (pp. 55-70). New York: Springer.


Emmons, R. A., Barrett, J. L., & Schnitker, S. A. (2008). Religion and personality. In R. Robins, O.P. John, & L.A. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of Personality (3rd Ed.) (pp. 634-653). New York: Guilford Press.
Emmons, R. A.  (2008). Gratitude, subjective well-being, and the brain. In R.J. Larsen & M. Eid  (Eds.), The Science of Subjective


Schnitker, S.A., & Emmons, R. A. (2007). Patience as a virtue: Religious and psychological perspectives. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 18, 177-206.
Emmons, R. A. (2007). Gratitude, subjective well-being, and the brain. In R.J. Larsen & M. Eid (Eds.), The Science of Subjective Well-Being. New York: The Guilford Press.


Emmons, R. A., & McNamara, P. (2006). Sacred emotions and affective neuroscience: Gratitude, costly-signaling, and the brain. In P. McNamara (Ed.), Where God and man meet: How the brain and evolutionary sciences are revolutionizing our understanding of religion and spirituality


Emmons, R.A. (2005). Striving for the sacred: Personal goals, life meaning, and religion. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 731-746.
Emmons, R.A. (2005). Emotion and religion. In R.F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), The handbook of the psychology of religion (pp. 235-252). New York: Guilford.
Emmons, R. A., & Kneezel, T. T.(2005). Giving thanks: Spiritual and religious correlates of gratitude. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 24, 140-148.


Paloutzian, R. F., Emmons, R. A., & Keortge, S. G. (2003). Spiritual well-being, spiritual intelligence, and healthy workplace policy. In R. A. Giacalone & C. L. Jurkiewicz (Eds.), Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance (pp. 123-136). Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.

Emmons, R. A. (2003). Acts of gratitude in organizations. In K. S. Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship (pp. 81-93). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Emmons, R. A. (2003). Personal goals, life meaning, and virtue: Wellsprings of a positive life. In C.L.M. Keyes (Ed.), Flourishing: The positive person and the good life (pp. 105-128). Washington, DC: American Psychological
Emmons, R. A. (2003). Spiritual striving and the unification of personality. Streams of William James, 5, 21-24.
Emmons, R. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Counting blessings versus burdens: Experimental studies of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 377-389.
Emmons, R. A., & Paloutzian, R. F. (2003). The psychology of religion. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 377-402.


McCullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82-112-127.

Emmons, R. A. & Shelton, C. S. (2002). Gratitude and the science of positive psychology. In C. R. Snyder and S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 459-471). New York: Oxford University Press.


McCullough, M. E., Kirkpatrick, S., Emmons, R. A., & Larson, D. (2001). Is gratitude a moral affect? Psychological Bulletin, 127, 249-266.

Emmons, R. A. (2001). Gratitude and mind-body health. Spirituality and Medicine Connection, 5, 1-7.


King, L. A., & Emmons, R. A. (2000). Assessment of motivation. In A.E. Kazdin (Ed)., Encyclopedia of Psychology (Vol. 5, pp. 320-324). New York: Oxford University Press.
Emmons, R. A., & Crumpler, C. A. (2000). Gratitude as a human strength: Appraising the evidence. Jou


Emmons, R. A. (1999). Religion in the psychology of personality: An introduction. Journal of Personality, 67, 873-888.
Emmons, R. A., & Crumpler, C. A. (1999). Religion and spirituality? The roles of sanctification and the concept


Emmons, R. A., Cheung, C., & Tehrani, K. (1998). Assessing spirituality through personal goals: Implications for research on religion and subjective well-being.  Social Indicators Research, 45, 391-422.
Emmons, R. A. (1998). Religion and personality. In H.G. Koenig (Ed.), Handbook


Colby, P. M., & Emmons, R. A. (1997). Emotional styles as predictors of social support: Links to perceived, requested, and observer reports of support. In G. R. Pierce, I. G. Sarason, and B. Sarason (Eds.), Sourcebook of theory and research on social support and personality (pp. 445-471). New York: Plenum.


Emmons, R. A. (1996). Striving and feeling: Personal goals and subjective well-being. In J. Bargh & P. Gollwitzer (Eds.), The psychology of action: Linking motivation and cognition to behavior (pp. 314-337). New York: Guilford.



Emmons, R. A. (1995). Levels and domains in personality. Journal of Personality, 63, 341-364.
Emmons, R. A., & Colby, P. M. (1995). Emotional conflict and well-being: Relation to perceived availability, daily utilization, and observer reports of social support.  Journal of Personality


Emmons, R. A. (1993). Current status of the motive concept. In R. Wolfe, R. Hogan, & K. Craik (Eds.), Fifty years of personality psychology (pp. 187-196). New York: Plenum Press.
Emmons, R. A., King, L. A., & Sheldon, K. (1993). Goal conflict and the self-regulation of action.


Emmons, R. A. (1992). Abstract versus concrete goals: Personal striving level, physical illness, and psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 292-300.
Emmons, R. A. (1992). The repressive personality and social support. In H.S. Friedman (Ed.), Hostility


Emmons, R. A. (1991). Personal strivings, daily life events, and psychological and physical well-being. Journal of Personality, 59, 453-472.
Emmons, R. A., & McAdams, D. P. (1991). Personal strivings and motive dispositions: Exploring the links. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,


King, L. A., & Emmons, R. A. (1990). Ambivalence over expressing emotion: Physical and psychological correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 864-877.



Emmons, R. A. (1989). The personal striving approach to personality. In L. A. Pervin (Ed.), Goal concepts in personality and social psychology (pp. 87-126). Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum.
Emmons, R. A. (1989). Exploring the relations between motives and traits: The case of


Emmons, R. A., & King, L. A. (1988). Conflict among personal strivings: Immediate and long-term implications for psychological and physical well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1040-1048.



Emmons, R. A. (1987). Narcissism: Theory and measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 11-17.



Emmons, R. A. (1986). Personal strivings: An approach to personality and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1058-1068.
Emmons, R. A., & Diener, E. (1986). Situation selection as a moderator of response consistency and stability. Journal of Person


Diener, E., Horowitz, J., & Emmons, R. A. (1985).  Happiness of the very wealthy. Social Indicators Research, 16, 263-274.

Diener, E., Larsen, R. J., Levine, S., & Emmons, R. A. (1985). Intensity and frequency: Dimensions underlying positive and negative affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1253-1265.

Emmons, R. A., & Diener, E. (1985). Factors predicting satisfaction judgments: A comparative examination. Social Indicators Research, 16, 157-167. 

Larsen, R. J., Diener, E., & Emmons, R. A. (1985). An evaluation of subjective well-being measures. Social Indicators Research, 17, 1-17. 

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.
Emmons, R. A., & Diener, E. (1985). Personality correlates of subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 11, 89-97.
Emmons, R. A., Diener, E., & Larsen, R. J. (1985). Choice and avoidance of situations and congruence models of interactionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 693-702.


Emmons, R. A. (1984). Factor analysis and construct validity of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 48, 291-300.
Diener, E., Larsen, R. J., & Emmons, R. A. (1984). Person X situation interactions: choice of situations and congruence response models.&n