Psychology 185 Midterm Exam: Who-Am-I? Multiple-Choice Test

Your name _______________________________ Your IDN ____________________.

Name of your term-paper subject: ___________________________.

Please give your response by filling out the appropriate space on the Scantron sheet. Always select the single best answer.

  1. I was a Greek philosopher who emphasized the importance of numbers and mathematics in comprehending the nature of the world. My name is a Thales b. Protagoras c. Vangelis d. Aristotle e. Pythagoras
  2. I was a Greek philosopher who is traditionally considered the first Western thinker; I tried to explain phenomena in naturalistic terms. My name is a. Thales b. Mediocrates c. Heraclitus d. Democritus e. Adam
  3. I was a Greek philosopher who argued for hedonism, where human behavior was governed by the quest for pleasure and the avoidance of pain. My name is a. Epictitus b. Plotinus c. Plato d. Democritus e. Socrates
  4. I was a Greek Sophist who stressed the individual human being over the divine, and relativism over absolute truth. My name is a. Socrates b. Demetrius c. Protagoras d. Sophia e. Thales
  5. I was a Greek philosopher who was a student of Socrates; I proposed the notion that knowledge may be reminiscence, or anamnesis. My name is a. Democritus b. Plato c. Pythagoras d. Aristotle e. Thales
  6. I was a Greek philosopher who introduced the dialectic method into philosophical reasoning, and encouraged people to be skeptical about whether they know the truth; I also stressed self-knowledge over natural philosophy. My name is a. Democritus b. Heraclitus c. Socrates d. Aristotle e. Pythagoras
  7. I was a Greek philosopher who founded my own school known as the Lyceum, where I taught my Peripatetic philosophy; in psychology, I am known for the principles of associative learning. My name is a. Socrates b. Democritus c. Aristotle d. Marcus Aurelius e. Boethius
  8. I was a Greek philosopher of the Hellenistic period; I advocated hedonism, believing that pleasure was the highest good. My name is a. Epicurus b. Zeno of Citium c. Plotinus d. Parmenides e. Empedocles
  9. I was a Greek Stoic philosopher under the Roman Empire; although originally a slave, I so well "practiced what I preached" that I was freed by my master; according to Stoicism, the universe operated according to a divine plan, that nothing happened without a cause; I held that happiness was attained by the attainment of virtue and the renunciation of both pleasure and pain. My name is a. Thales b. Lucretius c. Epictetus d. Pliny the Elder e. Pythagoras
  10. A Roman follower of Epicurus, I wrote a book On the Nature of Things which advocated an atomistic, deterministic, materialistic, and hedonistic philosophy. My name is a. Parmenides b. Empedocles c. Epictetus d. Augustine e. Lucretius
  11. I was an Egyptian-born Roman philosopher who founded Neo-Platonism. a. Augustine b. Lucretius c. Epictetus d. Plotinus e. Cleopatra
  12. I was a Roman Emperor who wrote the Meditations that advocated a Stoic philosophy; according to Stoicism, the universe operated according to a divine plan, that nothing happened without a cause. My name is a. Epicurus b. Lucretius c. Aristotle d. Alexander the Great e. Marcus Aurelius
  13. Living toward the end of the Roman Empire, I was the first great Christian philosopher; I wrote the story of my life in the Confessions; I anticipated the Cartesian idea of "I think therefore I am." My name is a. Boethius b. Rousseau c. Augustine d. Descartes e. Thomas Aquinas
  14. I was a Roman philosopher who, while awaiting execution, wrote The Consolation of Philosophy, which is considered the last great masterpiece of classical thought. My name is a. Boethius b. Marcus Aurelius c. Augustine d. Plotinus e. Lucretius
  15. I was a Spanish-born Jewish philosopher and physician who wrote the Guide for the Perplexed in which I reconciled Aristotelian philosophy with Jewish theology. My name is a. Spinoza b. Ben Gurion c. Avicenna d. Maimonides e. Boethius
  16. I was a Muslim physician and philosopher of the Middle Ages; I advocated a faculty psychology. My name is a. Averroës b. Avicenna c. Omar Khayyám d. Zoroaster e. Maimonides
  17. I was a French theologian and philosopher; having studied under both a nominalist and a realist, I argued for a compromise position known as conceptualism; my tragic love affair with one of my students even became the subject of a movie . My name is a. Voltaire b. Condillac c. Voltaire d. Pierre Abélard e. Thomas Acquinas
  18. I was an English scholastic philosopher; I am famous for the law of parsimony named after me ("entities must not be unnecessarily multiplied"). My name is a. Roger Bacon b. Johannes Duns Scotus c. Thomas Aquinas d. William of Ockham e. John Scotus Erigena
  19. I was an Italian Dominican monk, theologian, and philosopher; I applied Aristotelian methods to Christian theology; my masterwork is the Summa Theologica. My name is a. Thomas Aquinas b. Pierre Abélard c. Vesalius d. Leonardo da Vinci e. Roger Bacon
  20. I was a French philosopher and scientist who was one of the earliest and most ardent critics of Descartes’s philosophy; I advocated a materialistic atomism in which there could be no dualism between mind and body. My name is a. Pascal b. Gassendi c. Chandoux d. Mersenne e. Malebranche
  21. I was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist; my principal contribution to psychology was my dualistic solution to the mind-body problem (in which the soul interacted with the body at the pineal gland). My name is a. Pascal b. Gassendi c. Descartes d. Chandoux e. Mersenne
  22. I was an English essayist and philosopher; in my Novum Organum I argued for empiricism, especially through experiment and inductive logic. My name is a. Roger Bacon b. Locke c. Berkeley d. Francis Bacon e. Hume
  23. I was an English philosopher; my masterpiece is titled Leviathan; because I advocated a materialistic monism, my solution to the mind-body problem was that the mind was a mere epiphenomenon that could be reduced to the motions of the substances making up the brain. My name is a. Locke b. Hobbes c. Francis Bacon d. Hume e. Berkeley
  24. I was an English philosopher who maintained that there were no innate ideas, but rather the mind began as a tabula rasa; my views were strongly criticized by Leibnitz. My name is a. Locke b. Francis Bacon c. Hobbes d. Berkeley e. Hume
  25. I was a Scottish philosopher whose Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, in which I reduced all knowledge to just impressions and ideas, the latter being bound together by association (such as contiguity or similarity); after reading my work, Kant was awoken from his "dogmatic slumbers." My name is a. Berkeley b. Hobbes c. Hume d. Locke e. Francis Bacon
  26. I was an Irish philosopher who maintained an idealistic monism in which the only thing that exists is what we immediately perceive (esse est percipi). My name is a. Francis Bacon b. Locke c. Hume d. Hobbes e. Berkeley
  27. I was a German philosopher and mathematician; using my monadology, I provided a distinctive solution to the mind-body problem, known as psychological parallelism. My name is a. Kant b. Leibniz c. Hegel d. Malebranche e. Spinoza
  28. Born in Amsterdam of Jewish-Portuguese parents, but excommunicated by my synagogue, I had to learn my living grinding lenses; I used a strictly geometrical method to integrate Renaissance Neo-Platonism with Cartesian philosophy; as part of this pantheistic system was my own solution to the mind-body problem, which is often called a double-aspect monism. My name is a. Malebranche c. Leibniz d. Maimonides e. Kant b. Spinoza
  29. I was a German philosopher who at first displayed little originality; but by my late 50s I developed an epistemology that integrated the views of the empiricists, rationalists, and skeptics; in ethics, I am known for my concept of the categorical imperative. My name is a. Leibniz b. Spinoza c. Schelling d. Kant e. Malebranche
  30. I was a former student of Mesmer who introduced the idea of "artificial somnambulism" and demonstrated the phenomenon now known as posthypnotic suggestion. My name is My name is a. Custodia di Faria b. Elliotson c. Esdaile d. Richet e. Puységur.
  31. I was a Viennese physician who introduced what could be considered a form of "group therapy" (using my baquet and chambre de crises). My name is a. Gall b. Broca c. Wernicke d. Bernheim e. Mesmer
  32. I coined the term phrenology, and made the technique into a popular psychology, introducing phrenology into the United States. My name is a. Mesmer b. Broca c. Spurzheim d. Gall e. Bernheim
  33. I started out as a brilliant anatomist who introduced new dissection techniques and made many important discoveries regarding the central nervous system; I founded organology and craniometry. My name is a. Wernicke b. Mesmer c. Broca d. Gall e. Bernheim
  34. I was a French scientist who discovered that patients with speech disorders showed damage to a special region – now named after me – and thus provided solid evidence in favor of the localization of function in the cerebral cortex. My name is a. Gall b. Mesmer c. Flourens d. Bernheim e. Broca
  35. I was a French scientist who used the technique of ablation in order to disprove Gall’s belief that mental functions were localized in specific parts of the brain. My name is a. Wernicke b. Flourens c. Bernheim d. Broca e. Mesmer
  36. I was a French country doctor whose successful treatment of a patient who had been unsuccessfully treated by Bernheim led to the founding of a clinic and what came to be known as the Nancy school. My name is a. Liébeault b. Flourens c. Pinel d. Gall e. Wernicke
  37. I was a French physician who believed that hypnosis was simply a form of suggestibility; a controversy with Charcot led to the downfall of the latter’s view that hypnosis was a sign of mental disorder. My name is a. Mesmer b. Bernheim c. Braid d. Broca e. Wernicke
  38. I was a French psychiatrist who reformed the treatment of mental illness in the two leading institutions in France, the Bicêtre and the Salpêtrière. My name is a. Braid b. Flourens c. Pinel d. Charcot e. Wernicke
  39. I was a French psychiatrist who wrote a book on "The Mental State of Hystericals" in which I proposed that hysterical symptoms were the result of mental dissociation caused by a "fixed idea." My name is a. Le Bon b. Bernheim c. Charcot d. Piaget e. Janet
  40. I was a Frenchman with rather diverse interests, but wrote a book on group psychology, "The Crowd," in which I explained the collective mind in terms of the concepts of suggestibility and contagion. My name is a. Janet b. Bernheim c. Le Bon d. Flourens e. Charcot
  41. I was a French neurologist; some have called me the "Napoleon of the Neuroses"; I am credited with making the subject of hypnosis (or mesmerism) a legitimate topic for scientific research in France. My name is a. Janet b. Freud c. Bernheim d. Charcot e. Le Bon
  42. I was an English philosopher who coined the term "survival of the fittest" in my book on the Principles of Biology. My name is a. Charles Darwin b. Erasmus Darwin c. Spencer d. Galton e. Comte de Buffon
  43. I was an English geologist and biologist who first attained notice for my observations as a naturalist aboard the Beagle; I made several other important contributions to psychology in my books on The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals and a Biographical Sketch of an Infant. My name is a. Spencer b. Charles Darwin c. Lyell d. Galton e. Patrick Matthew
  44. I was a German physiologist who introduced the doctrine of specific nerve energies. My name is a. Fechner b. Helmholtz c. Wundt d. Ludwig e. J. Müller
  45. I was a British scientist who was a strong believer in the inheritance of human ability, I introduced the family pedigree method and twin studies, and founded the eugenics movement. My name is a. Galton b. Charles Darwin c. Pearson d. Spencer e. Erasmus Darwin
  46. I was a German physicist who coined the term "psychophysics" to define a new scientific discipline that studied the relationship between mind and body. My name is a. Goethe b. Wundt c. Fechner d. J. Müller e. E. H. Weber
  47. I was a German professor of anatomy who did quantitative research on the sense of touch; I discovered that the jnd was a fixed proportion of the absolute stimulus intensity. My name is a. Fechner b. E. H. Weber c. Wundt d. Gall e. J. Müller
  48. I was a German psychologist who is considered to have founded the first laboratory specifically devoted to psychological research; I made my university one of the principal places to earn a PhD in psychology; I am often called the "father of psychology." My name is a. E. H. Weber b. James c. J. Müller d. Fechner e. Wundt
  49. I was an American psychologist and philosopher; my introductory psychology textbook, the Principles of Psychology, became a classic in the field; in this book I discuss such topics as the stream of consciousness, habit, emotion, and the self. My name is a. Spencer b. James c. Pierce d. Wundt e. C. Darwin
  50. I was an illustrious German physiologist, physicist, and mathematician who is best known for my color theory, my resonance place theory of pitch perception, and my concept of unconscious inference. My name is a. Fechner b. J. Müller c. E. H. Weber d. Helmholtz e. Wundt

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