Trace measures: Summary

Trace measures are the physical remains of interactions. Accretion, the build-up of material, and erosion, a wearing away can be used as trace measures. Trace measures are particularly useful in studying animal behavior. Traces can be misleading. The information is best combined with data from other research methods in order to provide a valid description of behavior.

Terms to know (define each before clicking to see the definition in a pop-up message)

accretion erosion graffiti
latrinalia trace measure