Author: Natsoulas, Thomas
Affiliation: U California, Davis, USA
Title: The stream of consciousness: III. Adolf Gruenbaum's nowness.
Source: Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 1993-1994. 13 (1): p.73-90
Language: English
Subjects: Thesaurus terms: Consciousness States Perception Phenomenology James (William) Mind
Added Keywords: W. James's perceptions of temporal properties of stream of consciousness & A. Grunbaum's concept of coming into being of events
Classification Code: Philosophy (2630)
Population Terms: Human
Abstract: Implicitly and later explicitly, W. James understood the stream of consciousness to consist of a sequence of temporally adjacent pulses of consciousness (except for time gaps when consciousness stops). J. J. Gibson (1966) claimed James's stream amounts to a stream of self-consciousness since it includes a traveling moment of present time. Reference to the present, according to Gibson, depends on the occurrence of an introspective kind of perceptual experience; that is, it does not occur if only straightforward perceptual experience is going on. Actually, this is not far from James's own view of the specious present. A. Gruenbaum (1967) would add that the "occurring now" of a physical event requires that the individual have perceptual experience of the event together with a conceptualized awareness of this perceptual experience as occurring simultaneously with the conceptualized awareness of it. ((c) 1999 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)