9.

FORM: ARTICLE
Author: Natsoulas, Thomas
Affiliation: U California, Dept of Psychology, Davis, CA, USA
Title: Tertiary consciousness.
Source: Journal of Mind & Behavior, 1998 Spr, 1998. 19 (2): p.141-176Reference.
Language: English
Subjects: Thesaurus terms: Cognitive Processes Consciousness States
Added Keywords: issues in tertiary consciousness
Classification Code: Consciousness States (2380)
Population Terms: Human
Abstract: Direct (reflective) awareness, or the immediate, on-the-spot, noninferential access that we have to some of our mental-occurrence instances, is a kind of "secondary consciousness." It often happens, in addition, that direct (reflective) awareness itself is conscious, meaning that one is also directly (reflectively) aware of being so aware. This is "tertiary consciousness." Indeed, absent tertiary consciousness, one could not base actions on what is mentally occurring to one now. Although D. M. Armstrong held that "Subliminal introspection" suffices for purposive mental activity, tertiary consciousness would seem to be necessary for carrying out such activity because purposive mental activity essentially involves choosing what mentally to do next on the basis of "introspective" feedback. One must be aware of whatever it may be that one is basing one's actions on. Adopting, in place of "subliminal introspection," either one of two Jamesian hypotheses could save Armstrong from having to posit nonconscious purposive mental activities. ((c) 1999 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)